Report on the Assessment of 2005 Labels for Nutrition, Health and Related Claims
Evaluation Report Series No. 16
Label monitoring surveys have been commissioned by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) since 2002 to assess how food manufacturers are managing key labelling requirements set out in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (the Code). Correct labelling is considered an important means for FSANZ to achieve one of its objectives of ensuring consumers have adequate information on food labels to assist them to make an informed choice.
From this information, FSANZ can gain an insight into the effectiveness of current labelling regulatory measures and evidence to inform future decisions on labelling regulations.
In 2003, FSANZ looked specifically at food manufacturers’ use of nutrition, health and related claims on packaged food labels.
This report covers a follow-up survey of food labels collected in 2005 for nutrition, health and related claims. It presents findings in relation to: the proportion of labels carrying nutrition claims and health claims; the types of claims being made; and the consistency of the claims against labelling provisions with which they are required to comply. The report presents the results from the assessment of labels collected in 2005 as well as providing a comparison with results from the first label collection in 2003.
This survey, assessing nutrition, health and related claims on labels, is only one component of a larger ongoing label monitoring survey, which assesses some 13 key mandatory labelling elements (such as date marking, ingredient declarations, storage instructions, nutrition information panels, etc.) for consistency against current labelling provisions. A report on the assessment of 2005 labels against the other key mandatory labelling elements is due to be released in mid 2007.
These surveys are not being conducted for enforcement purposes. Although the Australian Government is responsible for compliance and enforcement for imported foods, compliance and enforcement surveys are generally the responsibility of the Australian States and Territories and of New Zealand.
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Full report including Appendixes [ 480 kb ]
1. Executive Summary
2. Purpose of the Assessment of 2005 Labels for Nutrition, Health and Related Claims
2.1 Labelling regulations relevant to Australia and New Zealand
2.2 Labelling regulations relevant to Australia
2.3 Labelling regulations relevant to New Zealand
2.4 FSANZ Label Monitoring Survey
3.1 Label Collection
3.2 Data Collection
3.3 Data security and confidentiality
3.4 Provisions used for label assessment
3.5 Assessment of claims
3.6 Nutrition claims on labels collected in Australia and New Zealand
3.7 Nutrition claims on labels collected in Australia
3.8 Classification and assessment of health claims on labels collected in Australia and New Zealand
3.9 Health claims on labels of dietary supplements collected in New Zealand
3.10 Limitations of the survey
4. Results and Discussion
4.1 Total labels collected from Australia and New Zealand
4.2 Assessment against labelling provisions
4.3 Assessment of inconsistent claims
4.4 Comparison of label assessments for nutrition, health and related claims results on labels collected in 2003 and 2005
5. Overview of Results
Appendix 1. Claims Classification Framework
Appendix 2. Food Label Collection Method
Appendix 3. Checklist used for Assessment of Nutrition, Health and Related Claims (2003)
Appendix 4. Raw data per food category
Evaluation Report Series
Previous label monitoring reports:
Food Labelling Monitoring Survey: Phase 1 Pilot Report (Incorporating Stages 1 and 2) As part of the FSANZ Evaluation Strategy 2001-2003, a Food Label Monitoring Survey was initiated in mid 2002 with the intention of developing an ongoing monitoring system for food labels.
Food Labelling Issues: On-going Food Label Monitoring Survey in Australia and New Zealand
Report on the re-assessment of 2003 labels for nutrition, health and related claims (Phase 2, Part C)