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Weight change factors

Last updated: 15 September 2020

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Weight changes the nutrition information panel

The cooking process may change the weight of the recipe's ingoing ingredients, due to gains and/or losses in both water and/or fat. You need to take this weight change into account when producing a nutrition information panel.​

About weight change factors

Weight change factors can be either negative (such as where a food loses moisture during cooking) or positive (such as where a dried legume absorbs water during boiling).

Weight changes in cooking can be influenced by a number of factors. For example, the degree of change can depend on the type of processing equipment used. Even the absence of a saucepan lid can have a big impact on the weight of a cooked food like a stew, due to evaporation of water. The degree of weight change can also depend on the surface area of the food, the processing time, and the cooking temperatures.

About the weight change factors listed here

To assist you, a table of weight factors has been provided below. These weight change factors have been drawn from numerous local and overseas sources. Values are not provided for some food groups due to the great variability within these groups.

These weight change factors are indicative of the net weight changes that occur in cooking. The majority of changes result from the loss or gain of water. But for foods including meats and fried foods, there may also be a loss or gain of fat.

You should note that these weight change factors are based on domestic food measures and cooking situations. As such, you should use these factors with caution because they do not account for industrial processes, where foods are processed in bulk amounts or where they are only partially hydrated.

The weight change factors listed here are indicative only, and are provided solely as a guide. It is better to calculate your own. The Explanatory Notes tells you how.

02 Cereal and cereal products

02A1 Flours, grains and starches

Food group ID ​Food group name Food description​ Preparation method​ ​Weight change factor
​02A1​Grains, riceRice, grain​Boiled, Stewed, Pressure cooker stewed, Microwave stewed​​170
​02A1Grains, rice​Rice, flavoured​Simmered​​170
​02A1​Grains, cornmeal​Cornmeal (polenta)​Simmered​557
​02A1Grains, cornmeal​Cornmeal (polenta), prepared​Simmered​-5​
​02A1Grains, other than rice​Millet​Boiled, Stewed, Pressure cooker stewed, Microwave stewed​140​
​02A1Grains, other than rice​Spelt​Boiled, Stewed, Pressure cooker stewed, Microwave stewed​​80
​02A1​Grains, other than riceOther grains including barley, buckwheat oat flakes, amaranth, quinoa and wheat​Boiled, Stewed, Pressure cooker stewed, Microwave stewed​​200

02A1 Noodles and pasta

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02A1Pasta​​Dried pasta, white or wholewheat, including spaghetti, macaroni, fusilli, tagliatelle, penne, shells, twists, spirals, etc.​Boiled131​
​02A1Pasta​Fresh pasta, unfilled​Boiled​76​
​02A1Pasta​Previously cooked pasta​Heated​-5​
​02A1Noodles​Noodles, including Asian style, egg noodles etc.​Boiled​156​
​02A1​Noodles​Previously cooked noodles including Asian style, egg noodles etc.​Heated​-5

02B1 Bread and bread products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02B1Bread and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, white​​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9
​02B1Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, whiteToasted, Grilled​​-15
​02B1Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, mixed grain​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9​
​02B1​Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, mixed grain​Toasted, Grilled​-15
​02B1Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, wholemeal​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9​
​02B1Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, wholemeal​Toasted, Grilled​-15​
​02B1Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, rye​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9
​02B1​Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, rye​Toasted, Grilled​-15
​02B1​Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, fibre-increased​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9
​02B1​Breads and bread rolls​Breads and bread rolls, fibre-increased​Toasted, Grilled​-15
​02B1​Savoury filled or topped breads and bread rolls​Garlic bread, foccacia, bread with cheese, bacon, vegetables, fruit etc.​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9
​02B1​Savoury filled or topped breads and bread rolls​Garlic bread, foccacia, bread with cheese, bacon, vegetables, fruit etc.​Toasted, Grilled​-10
​​02B1​Savoury filled or topped breads and bread rolls​Garlic bread, foccacia, bread with cheese, bacon, vegetables, fruit etc.​Pan-fried​-19
​02B1/02F4​Tortilla, taco shells and corn bread​Tortillas​Pan-fried, from raw ingredients​-18
​02B1​Flat breads​Puri, traditional South Asian food, white or brown​Deep-fried​-19

02B2 English-style muffins and crumpets

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02B2​English-style muffins​English-style muffins​Baked, from raw ingredients​-13
​02B2​English-style muffins​English-style muffins​Toasted, Grilled​-14
​02B2​Crumpets​Crumpets​Baked, from raw ingredients​-10
​02B2​Crumpets​Crumpets​Toasted, Grilled​-10

02C1/02C2 Biscuits

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02C1​Biscuits, savoury​Biscuits, savoury, plain, low to moderate fat (<6%)​Baked, from raw ingredients​-13
​02C1Rice and corn crackers and cakes​Rice cakes​Baked, from raw ingredients​-11
​02C2​Biscuits, sweet​Biscuits, sweet, plain or flavoured, including short bread​Baked, from raw ingredients​-13
​02C2​Biscuits, sweet​Biscuits, sweet, plain, with fruit or nuts​Baked, from raw ingredients​-7
​02C2​Biscuits, sweet​Biscuits, sweet, fruit-filled or fancy​Baked, from raw ingredients​-7
​02C2​Biscuits, sweet​Biscuits, sweet, cream-filled​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9
​02C2​Biscuits, sweet​Biscuits, sweet, chocolate chip, homemade​Baked, from raw ingredients​-7
​02C1/02C2​Biscuits, savoury and sweet​Short crust biscuit, flaky biscuit​Baked, from raw ingredients​-20

02D1 Breakfast cereals, ready to eat

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02D1Breakfast cereal, bran​Breakfast cereal, bran​Baked, from raw ingredients​-11
​02D1​Breakfast cereal, mixed grain​Breakfast cereal, mixed grain​Toasted​-11

02D2 Breakfast, cereals, cooked

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02D2​Breakfast cereals, cooked​Breakfast cereal, hot porridge type, made from oats, including plain, flavoured and added fruit varieties, prepared​Simmered, Boiled​-16
​02D2​Breakfast cereal, cooked​Rice porridge (congee), prepared​Simmered​-16
​02D2​Breakfast cereal, cooked​Breakfast cereal, hot porridge type, made from cooked grains other than rice, prepared​Simmered​-13

02E1 Cakes, cake mixes, slices, muffins, cake-type desserts

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02E1​Cakes​Cakes with fruitBaked, from raw ingredients​-6
​02E1​Cakes​Cakes with no fruit​Baked, from raw ingredients​-11
​02E1​Cake mixes​Cake mixes​Baked, from cake mix​-13
​02E1​Cake-type muffins and mixes​Cake-type muffins and mixes​Baked, from raw ingredients​-9
​02E1​Cake-type desserts​Cake-type desserts including​Boiled, Stewed, Pressure cooker stewed, Microwave stewed​-7
​02E1​Cake-type desserts​Cake-type desserts, including puddings​Steamed, from raw ingredients​1
​02E1​Slices​Cake type slices and biscuits​Baked, from raw ingredients​-8
​02E1​Other desserts containing cereal​Sweet rice pudding, zarda, traditional South Asian, Pakistani food​Boiled, Stewed in milk​-1

02E2 Buns and scones

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02E2​Sweet breads, buns and scrolls​Buns and yeast-based products​Baked, from raw ingredients​-14
​02E2​Scones and rock cakes​Scones​Baked, from raw ingredients​-20

02E3 Batter-based products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02E3​Doughnuts​Doughnuts, yeast type​Deep-fried, from raw ingredients​6
​02E3​Doughnuts​Doughnuts, cake type​Baked, from raw ingredients​-4
​02E3​Pancakes and crepes​Pancakes and crepes, sweet, savoury or stuffed​Fried​-11
​02E2​Drop scones and pikelets​Drop scones and pikelets​Grilled, from raw ingredients​-16
​02E3​Batters and batter puddings​Yorkshire Pudding​Baked, from raw ingredients​-16
​02E3​Waffles​Waffles, from raw ingredients​Contact fried​-22

02E4 Pastries, pies and tarts

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02E4​Pastries​Pastry, croissant, puff pastry with butter​Baked, from raw ingredients​-20
​02E4​Pastries​Vol au vent case​Baked, from raw ingredients​-20

02E5 Savoury pastry and products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02E5​Sweet pastry products, single crust​Tarts and flans​Baked, from raw ingredients​-7
​02E5​Sweet pastry products, double crust​Pies, slices and danishes​Baked, from raw ingredients​-7

02E6 Savoury pastry products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02E6​Savoury pastry products​Chiko-type rolls, dim sims and spring rolls​Boiled or steamed, from raw​30
​02E6​Savoury pastry products​Chiko-type rolls, dim sims and spring rolls​Deep-fried​-14
​02E6​Savoury pastry products​Chiko-type rolls, dim sims and spring rolls​Pan-fried​-18
​02E6​Savoury pastry products, single crust​Quiches, tarts and flans​Baked, from raw ingredients​-14
​02E6​Savoury pastry products, doubled crust​Pies, rolls, samosas and envelopes​Baked, from raw ingredients, Fried​-15

02F Mixed dishes where cereal is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​02F1​Pizza​Bread, pizza base, thick​Baked, from raw ingredients​-16
​02F1​Pizza​Break, pizza base, thin​Baked, from raw ingredients​-15
​02F2​Sandwiches and filled rolls​Sandwiches​Grilled​-18
​02F4​Savoury dumplings​Savoury dumplings​Steamed​39
​02F4​Savoury pasta/noodle and sauce dishes​Ravioli​Boiled​18
​02F4​Savoury pasta/noodle and sauce dishes​Lasagne, savoury pasta and sauce dishes, noodle stew with beef, etc​Baked, Stewed​-19
​02F4​Savoury pasta/noodle and sauce​Dehydrated pasta or noodle mixed​Reconstituted according to manufacturer's instructions, baked​586
​02F4​Savoury rice-based dishes​Risotto, made from pre-cooked rice​Stewed​-34

03 Eggs

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​03A1​Eggs, chicken​Eggs, chicken​Fried, Boiled, Scrambled​-12
​03B1​Egg dishes, chicken savoury​Eggs, chicken, benedict​Scrambled​-2
​03B1​Egg dishes, chicken savoury​Eggs, chicken, omelette​Fried, Baked​-8
​03B1​Egg dishes, chicken savoury​Eggs, chicken, soufflé​Fried, Baked​-8
​03B1​Egg dishes, chicken savoury​Quiche​Baked, from raw ingredients​-21

05 Fish and fish products

05A1 Fin fish

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​05A1​Fin fish, fresh or frozen​Whole fish​Microwaved​-21
​05A1​Fin fish, fresh or frozen​Whole fish​Earth oven cooking​-27
​05A1​Fin fish, fresh or frozen​Whole fish or fillets, foured or non-floured​Fried​-30
​05A1​Fin fish, fresh or frozen​Whole, very small fish, floured​Shallow fried​-38
​05A1​​Fin fish, fresh or frozen​Whole fish or fillets​Baked, Grilled, Barbecued​-24
​05A1​Fin fish, fresh or frozen​Fillets​Steamed, Boiled, Poached​-16
​05A1​Fin fish, battered or crumbled​Fish finger​Deep Fried, Pan-fried, Baked​-12
​05A1​Fin fish, breaded​Whole fish or fillets, breaded​Fried​-19
​05A1​Fin fish, breaded​Whole, very small fish, breaded​Fried​-27
​​05A1​Smoked fish​Smoked fish​Baked, Grilled​-25
​​05A1​Smoked fish​Smoked fish​Microwaved, Poached, Steamed​-17

05C1 Crustacea and molluscs

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​05C1​Crustacea​Prawn, king, garlic, homemade​Poached​-20
​05C1​Molluscs​Squid or calamari​Poached​-20
​05C1​Crustacea and molluscs, battered or crumbed​Crustacea and molluscs, batter or crumbed​Pan-fried, from raw ingredients​-16

05D1/05D2 Mixed dishes where fish or seafood is the major ingredients

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​05D1​Mixed dishes with fish as the major ingredient​Mixed dishes with fish as the major ingredient, with cereal products, from raw ingredients​Stewed​-16
​05D1​Mixed dishes with fish as the major ingredient​Cod fillet, cooked, with sauce​Stewed​-33
​05D2​Mixed dishes with crustecea, molluscs or other seafood products as the major ingredient​Includes seafood stir-fries and curries with sauce​Fried, Baked​-17
​05D2​Mixed dishes with crustecea, molluscs or other seafood products as the major ingredient​Mixed dishes with crustecea, molluscs or other seafood products as the major ingredient, with cereal products, from raw ingredients​Baked​-18

06 Fruit

06C1 Stone fruit

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​06C1​Stone fruit​Apricots​Stewed​135
​06C1​Stone fruit​Peaches, frozen, unsweetened​Stewed​87
​06C1​Stone fruit​Plums​Stewed​151
​06C1​Stone fruit​Stone fruit, unspecified​Stewed​122

06D1 Other fruit

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​06D1​Apples​Apples​Microwaved​-6
​06D1​Apples​Apples, sweetened / unsweetened​Baked​-7
​06D1​Apples​Apples, sweetened / unsweetened / intense sweetened​Stewed89
​06D1​Apples​Apple puree, apple jelly​Stewed​-11
​06D1​Bananas​Bananas​Baked​-20
​06D1​Pears​Pears​Stewed​115

title06C1/06D1 Dried or preserved fruit

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​06D1​Dried fruit and mixes​Apples, dried, soaked and prepared as per instructions​Boiled​300
​06D1​Dried fruit and mixes​Figs, dried​Stewed​49
​06D1​Dried fruit and mixes​Pears, dried​Stewed​113

06E1 Mixed dishes where fruit is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​06E1​Mixed dishes where fruit is the major ingredient​Mixed dishes where fruit is the major ingredient​Stewed​-7

08 Meat, poultry and game

08A1/08A4 Beef and veal

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08​Unspecified muscle meat​Unspecified muscle meat​Dry cooked and wet cooked, several methods​-30
​08A1/08A4 ​Beef and veal
​08A1​Beef​Beef​Boiled​-39
​08A1​Beef​Beef​Grilled​-30
​08A1​Beef​Beef​Roasted​-37
​08A1​Beef​Beef, rare​Dry cooked, several methods​-22
​08A1​Beef​Beef, medium​Dry cooked, several methods​-22
​08A1​Beef​Beef, well done and/or totally trimmed​Stewed​-37
​08A1​Beef​Beef, unspecified level of doneness​Stewed​-40
​08A1​Beef​Beef, pre-cooked slice​Heated​-10
​08A1​Beef​Steak, rare​Pan-fried​-22
​08A1​Beef​Steak, medium​Pan-fried​-29
​08A1​Beef​Steak, trimmed and/or well done​Dry cooked, several methods​-37
​08A1​Beef​Mince, patty​Pan-fried, Baked​-25
​08A1​Beef​Mince, patty​Microwaved, Grilled, Boiled​-30
​08A1​Beef​Roast, rare​Roasted​-26
​08A1​Beef​Roast, medium​Roasted​-31
​08A1​Beef​Roast, well done​Roasted​-43
​08A1​Beef​Strips, stir fry​Stir fried​-45
​08A4​Veal​Veal​Dry cooked, several methods​-30
​08A4​Veal​Fillet, trimmed​Pan-fried​-41
​08A4​Veal​Escalope, chop​Grilled, Pan-fried​-26

08A2 Lamb and mutton

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb​Boiled​-43
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb​Dry cooked and wet cooked, several methods​-30
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb​Grilled​-29
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb​Stewed​-32
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb or mutton​Fried​-33
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb or mutton​Microwaved​-28
​08A2​Lamb​Lamb or mutton​Roasted, Baked​-29

08A3 Pork

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08A3​Pork​Pork​Stewed, Boiled​-38
​08A3​Pork​Steak​Pan-fried​-17
​08A3​Pork​Mince, patty​Pan-fried, Grilled, Baked​-25
​08A3​PorkRoast, chop, stir fry strips, dicedRoasted, Baked, Pan-fried, Barbecued​-29

08B1 Game and other carcase meats

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08B1​Goat​Goat​Microwaved​-28
​08B1​Goat​Goat​Roasted, Baked​-29
​08B1​Game and other carcase meats​Rabbit, whole​Roasted​-12

08C1/08C2 Poultry and other featured game

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08C1​Chicken​Chicken​Grilled​-27
​08C1​Chicken​Chicken​Microwaved​-22
​08C1​Chicken​Chicken​Pan-fried, deep-fried​-31
​08C1​ChickenChicken​Roasted, Baked​-33
​08C1​Chicken​Chicken​Stewed, Steam baked​-25
​08C1​Other poultry​Turkey breast or escalope​Deep-fried​-35
​08C1​Other poultry​Turkey breast or escalope​Pan-fried​-24
​08C1​Other poultry​Turkey, restructured steak​Grilled, baked​-21
​08C1​Other poultry​Turkey, whole, legBaked, Roasted​-43
​08C2​Feathered game​Ostrich, fillet sirloin or leg​Pan-fried, Baked​-37

08D1 Offal and offal products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08D1​Heart​Beef​Stewed, Cooked in sauce​-34
​08D1​Kidney​Pork​Pan-fried​-30
​08D1​Kidney​Pork​Stewed, Cooked in sauce​-49
​08D1​Liver​Beef​Stewed, Cooke in sauce​-23
​08D1​Liver​Beef, pork or chicken​Pan-fried​-18
​08D1​Tongue​Veal​Boiled​-20

08E2 Sausages, frankfurts and saveloys

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08E2​Sausage​Sausage​Boiled​-6
​08E2​Sausage​Cooked and canned​Heated by boiling​3
​08E2​Sausage​German sausage, Obertlander or Rote style​Pan-fried​-6
​08E2​Sausage​German sausage, Rheinische style​Pan-fried​-15
​08E2​Sausage​Sausage​Grilled, Pan-fried​-23
​08E2​Frankfurts and saveloys​Frankfurts and saveloys​Boiled​-3

08E3 Processed meat

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08E3​Bacon​Bacon​Baked​-66
​08E3​Bacon​Bacon​Grilled​-32
​08E3​Bacon​Bacon​Microwaved​-36
​08E3​BaconBacon​Pan-fried​-40
​08E3​Bacon​Bacon, mild cure​Boiled​-20
​08E3​Processed delicatessen meat, red​Beef​Smoked, Baked​-34
​08E3​Processed delicatessen meat, white​Pork​Smoked, Baked​-34
​08E3​Processed delicatessen meat, white​Turkey​Smoked, Baked​-27
​08E3​Processed delicatessen meat, white​Meatloaf, from raw ingredients​Baked​-23

08F1 Mixed dishes where beef, lamb and pork is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08F1​Beef or veal stew, casserole or stir fry, with cereal products​Beef or veal, with cereal products, from raw ingredients​Stewed, Simmered, Stir fried​-14
​08F1​Beef or veal stew, casserole or stir fry, with gravy or sauce only​General value for dishes including stews, casseroles & dishes like moussaka or goulash​Stewed, Baked​-41
​08F1​Beef or veal, crumbed battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal​Breaded or battered escalope, schnitzel, milanesas, burger, mince with cereal, beef based meat ball, koefte etc.​Grilled, Pan-fried, Deep-fried​-25
​08F1​Beef or veal, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type, with vegetable​Beef or veal, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with vegetable, from raw ingredients​Pan-fried​-20
​08F1Beef or veal, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type, with cereal and vegetable​​Beef or veal, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal and vegetable, from raw ingredientsPan-fried, Grilled, Baked, Microwaved​​-16
08F1​Lamb stew, casserole or stir fry, with cereal products​​Lamb, with cereal products, from raw ingredients​Stewed​-16
​08F1​Lamb stew, casserole or stir fry, with gravy or sauce onlyLamb kebab, traditional South Asian food​Grilled​-24​
​08F1Lamb stew, casserole or stir fry, with gravy or sauce only​Palusami, traditional Fijian mixed food​Earth oven cooked, Steamed​-31​
08F1​​Lamb stew, casserole or stir fry, with gravy or sauce onlyGeneral value for dishes including Irish stew, Lancashire hotpot and pot roast​​Stewed, Baked, Stir fried-31​
08F1​​Lamb crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal​Lamb, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal, from raw ingredientsPan-fried​​-25
​08F1​Lamb crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with vegetable​Lamb, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with vegetable, from raw ingredientsPan-fried​​-25
​08F1Lamb crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal and vegetable​Lamb, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal and vegetable, from raw ingredients​​Pan-fried-25​
08F1​​Unspecified red meat, mixed dishMeat, with cereal products, from raw ingredients​Stewed, Simmered, Stir fried​​-18
​08F1Unspecified red meat, mixed dish​Meat, with gravy or sauce only, from raw ingredients​Stewed, Simmered, Stir fried​-22​

08F1 Mixed dishes where pork, bacon or ham is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08F1Pork, bacon, ham stew, casserole, stir fry with cereal products​​Pork, bacon, ham, with cereal products, from raw ingredientsStewed, Simmered, Stir fried​-13​
08F1​​Pork, bacon, ham stew, casserole, stir fry with gravy or sauce only​Dishes including stews, stir fries, casseroles, kebabs, sweet and sour pork, goulash etc.Stewed, Simmered, Stir fried​​-35
​08F1​Pork, bacon, ham, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with either cereal and/or vegetable​Chops, escalope, schnitzel (crumbed or battered), pork based meat balls with vegetable and cerealPan Fried, Deep-fried​-14​
​08F1Pork sausage dishes​​Pork sausage dishes, from raw ingredients​Stewed-15​
08F1​Unspecified meat, mixed dish​Burger, mince, meat ball, meat loaf, either unknown composition or beef & pork mixture​​Pan Fried, Deep-fried-16​
08F1​​Unspecified meat, mixed dishBurger, mince, meat ball, meat loaf, either unknown composition or beef & pork mixture​​Stewed, Baked, Boiled​-20

08F1 Mixed dishes where poultry or game is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​08F1​Poultry or game stew, casserole or stir fry, with cereal products​Poultry or game, with cereal products, from raw ingredients​Stewed, Stir fried-16​
​08F1Poultry or game stew, casserole or stir fry, with gravy or sauce only​​Chicken soup pot, cannedHeated​1​
​08F1​Poultry or game stew, casserole or stir fry, with gravy or sauce onlyDishes including chicken curries and traditional South Asian foods​Fried, Stir fried, Grilled, Stewed​-19​
08F1​​Poultry or game, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal​Breaded chicken or turkey breast, leg or escalope​Pan-fried, Deep-fried​-25
​08F1​Poultry or game, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cerealChicken nuggets, light​Fried​-4​
​08F1Poultry or game, crumbed, battered, meatloaf or patty type with cereal​​Chicken nuggets, tempuraFried​-16​

09 Milk and milk products

09D2 Dishes where milk is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​09D2​Custard​Custard, regular fat, from powder​Simmered​-15
​09D2​Custard​Custard, regular fat, from raw ingredients​Boiled​-16
​09D2​Dairy desserts​Blancmange​Boiled​-5
​09D2​Dairy desserts​Milk pudding, rasmalai traditional South Asian milk dessert​Boiled, Baked​-19
​09D2​Sweet sauces, milk-based​Sauce, chocolate, homemade

​Simmered, from raw ingredients

​-5

10 Savoury sauces, condiments, soups and snack foods

10A1 Gravies and savoury sauces

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​10A1​Gravy, dry mix​Gravy, from dry mix​Simmered​-14
​10A1​Gravy, prepared​Gravy, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-20
​10A1​Pasta and simmer sauces, tomato-based​Pasta sauce, tomato-based (no meat), from raw ingredients​Simmered​-17
​10A1​Pasta and simmer sauces, oil- cream- or cheese-based​Savoury sauces including white sauce, cheese sauce, bearnaise sauce, hollandaise sauce etc., homemade​Simmered-14​
10A1​Savoury sauces, dry mix​​Savoury sauces, from dry mix​Simmered​-14
​10A1​Savoury sauces​Savoury sauces, including tomato sauce, from raw ingredientsSimmered​-17​
​10A1​Savoury sauces​Savoury pasta and sauce dishes​Casserole, from raw ingredients​-9
​10A1​Simmer sauces​Simmer sauces, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-18

10C1 Soup (prepared, ready to eat)

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​10C1​Soup, containing chicken​Soup, containing chicken, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-19
​10C1​Soup, containing fish or seafood​Soup, containing fish or seafood, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-15
​10C1​Soup, containing meat (beef, lamb or ham)​Soup, containing shoulder or brisket, from raw ingredients​Simmered, Boiled​-21
​10C1​Soup, tomato-based​Soup, pumpkin, homemade​Simmered​-15
​10C1​Soup, pumpkin-based​Soup, pumpkin, homemade​Simmered​-19
​10C1​Soup, other vegetable-based​Soup, vegetable-based, including leek, carrots etc.​Simmered​-19

10C1 Soup (dry mixed, reconstituted)

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​10C1​Soup, instant, dry mix​Soup, containing chicken, instant dry mix​Reconstituted with water, simmered​781
​10C1​Soup, instant, dry mix​Soup, containing fish or seafood, instant dry mix​Reconstituted with water, simmered​615
​10C1​Soup, instant, dry mix​Soup, containing meat (beef, lamb or ham), instant dry mix​Reconstituted with water, boiled or simmered​514
​10C1​Soup, instant, dry mix​Soup, tomato-based, instant dry mix​Reconstituted with water, simmered​781
​10C1​Soup, dry mix​Soup, tomato-based, from dry mix​Simmered​-19
​10C1​Soup, instant, dry mix​Soup, pumpkin-based, instant dry mix​Reconstituted with water, simmered​865
​10C1​Soup, instant, dry mix​Soup, vegetable-based, instant dry mix​Reconstituted with water, simmered​1081
​10C1​Soup, dry mix​Soup, vegetable-based, from dry mix​Simmered​-19
​10C1​Soup, dry mix​Soup, cottage cheese with barley, dry mix​Reconstituted with water, simmered​616

10C1 Soup, canned, condensed

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​10C1​Soup, ready to eat, canned or microwaveable​Soup, containing chicken, canned, ready to eat​Heated​-1
​10C1​Soup, ready to eat, canned or microwaveable​Soup, containing fish or seafood, canned, ready to eat​Heated​-1
​10C1​Soup, ready to eat, canned or microwaveable​Soup, containing meat (beef, lamb or ham), canned, ready to eat​Heated​-1
​10C1​Soup, ready to eat, canned or microwaveable​Soup, tomato-based, canned, ready to eat​Heated​-1
​10C1​Soup, ready to eat, canned or microwaveable​Soup, pumpkin-based, canned, ready to eat​Heated​-1
​10C1​Soup, ready to eat, canned or microwaveable​Soup, vegetable-based, ready to eat​Heated​-1

10D1 Potato snacks and 10D1 Corn snacks

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​10C1​Potato crisps​Potato crisps, slices coated with oil​Baked​-36
​10D1 ​Corn snacks
​10D1​Corn chips​Corn chips​Baked​-17
​10D1​Popcorn​Corn, popped in oil​Popped​-10

11 Seeds and nuts

11A1 Seeds and seed products and 11B1 Nuts and nut products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​11A1 ​Seeds and seed products
​11A1​Seeds​Seeds​Dry roasted​-6
​11A1​Seeds​Seeds​Fat roasted​-2

11B1 Nuts and nut products

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​11B1​Nuts​Peanuts​Dry roasted​-2
​11B1​Nuts​Peanuts​Fat roasted​-2

12 Sugar products and dishes

12A1 Sugar, honey and toppings and 12A1 Preserves and sweet spreads

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​12A1​Toppings, sweet​Toppings, sweet, from raw ingredients​Boiled​-14
12A1 ​Preserves and sweet spreads
​12A1​Jams and conserves​Jams and conserves, from raw ingredients​Boiled, Simmered​-14
​12A1​Spreads, sweet, fruit flavoured​Lemon butter, homemade​Simmered, from raw ingredients​-10
​12A1​Spreads, sweet, other flavours​Spreads, sweet, from raw ingredients​Boiled​-14

12A1 Dishes and products where sugar is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​12A1​Sugar-based desserts​Sugar-based desserts including meringue etc. from raw ingredients​Baked​-25
​12A1​Frostings and icing​Frostings and icings with added fat, from raw ingredients​Boiled​-14

12C1 Chocolate and chocolate-based confectionery and 12C1 Other confectionery

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​12C1​Chocolate​Chocolate, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-23
​12C1​Chocolate-based confectioneryChocolate-based confectionery, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-23
​12C1​Carob and carob- or yoghurt-based confectionery​Carob and carob- or yoghurt-based confectionery, from raw ingredients​Simmered​-23
12C1 ​Other confectionery
​12C1​Lollies and other confectionery​Lollies and other confectionery, from raw ingredients​Boiled​-19
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​

13 Vegetables

13A1 Potatoes

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Potatoes​Potatoes, with or without peel​Boiled, steamed​-2
​13A1​Potatoes​Potatoes, mashed​Boiled then mashed​-2
​13A1​Potato dishes​Potato stew prepared from dry mix​Prepared as per manufacturer's instructions, heated​684
​13A1​Potato dishes​Potato gnocchi, potato dumpling etc.​Boiled​7
​13A1​Potato dishes​Potato dishes, with potato as the major ingredient, plus sauce, from raw ingredients​Baked​-12
​13A1​Potato dishes​Potato dishes, with potato as the major ingredient, plus sauce, form raw ingredients​Pan-fried​-18
​13A1​Potato dishes​Potato bake, scalloped potatoes etc.​Baked​-27
​13A1​Potato products​Potato products with fat, including wedges, chips, croquettes etc.​Fried, Baked​-32
​13A1​Potato products​Potato products, battered or crumbed, from raw ingredients​Baked​-39
​13A1​Potato products​Potatoes, chips, hot, fries (8 cm × 0.6 cm × 0.6 cm)​Baked​-30
​13A1​Potato products​Potatoes, chips, hot, fries (8 cm × 0.6 cm × 0.6 cm)​Deep-fried​-46
​13A1​Potato products​Potatoes, chips, hot, fries (8 cm × 0.6 cm × 0.6 cm)​Pan-fried​-27
​13A1​Potato products​Potatoes, chips, hot, regular (6 cm × 1 cm × 1 cm)​Baked​-24
​13A1​Potato products​Potatoes, chips, hot, regular (6 cm × 1 cm × 1 cm)​Deep-fried​-32

13A1 Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables​Brussels sprouts​Boiled​6
​13A1​Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables​Brussels sprouts​Steamed​5
​13A1​Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables​Brassica vegetables​Microwaved​-15
​13A1​Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables​Brassica vegetables​Stewed​-2
​13A1​Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables​Brassica vegetables other than green cabbage and brussels sprouts, including savoy cabbage, white cabbage, red cabbage, kohlrabi and sauerkraut​Boiled, Steamed​-4
​13A1​Cabbage, cauliflower and similar brassica vegetables​Cabbage and bok choy​Stir Fried​-30

13A1 Carrot and similar root vegetables

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Carrot and similar root vegetables​Canned product​Stewed​-3
​13A1​Carrot and similar root vegetables​Sweet potato​Boiled​5
​13A1​Carrot and similar root vegetables​Sweet potato​Fried, Baked​-20
​13A1​Carrot and similar root vegetables​Sweet potato​Steam​-5
​13A1​Carrot and similar root vegetables​Root vegetables other than sweet potato​Boiled, Baked, Stewed​-8
​13A1​Carrot and similar root vegetables​Root vegetables other than sweet potato​Steamed, Microwaved​-12

13A1 Leaf and stalk vegetables

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Leaf and stalk vegetables​Leafy vegetables including spinach etc.​Boiled, Steamed, Pressure cooked, Microwaved, Stewed​-14
​13A1​Leaf and stalk vegetables​Stalk vegetables including asparagus, celery, rhubarb, dill etc.​Boiled, Steamed, Pressure cooked, Microwaved, Stewed-​2
​13A1​Leaf and stalk vegetables​Stalk vegetables including celery​Stir fried​-18

13A1 Tomatoes

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Tomato​Tomato​Boiled, Grilled​-20
​13A1​Tomato​Tomato​Stewed​-10

13A1 Other fruiting vegetables

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Squash and zucchini​Zuchinni, squash and choko​Boiled, Stewed​-20
​13A1​Squash and zucchini​Zuchinni, floured or battered​Fried, Shallow Fried, Stir Fried​-40
​13A1​Other fruiting vegetables​Eggplant​Grilled​-40
​13A1​Other fruiting vegetables​Eggplant, green pepper, floured or battered​Shallow fried​-25
​13A1​Other fruiting vegetables​Other fruiting vegetables including eggplant​Boiled, Microwaved, Stewed​-8
​13A1​Other fruiting vegetables​Pumpkin​Baked​-15
​13A1​Other fruiting vegetables​Pumpkin​Boiled​-4

13A1 Other vegetables and vegetable conmbinations

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A1​Mixtures of two or more vegetables​Mixtures of two or more vegetables including cubed carrots and swedes, cut green beans, peas and corn​Boiled​-11
​13A1​Mixtures of two or more vegetables​Mixture of two or more vegetables, canned​Heated​-5
​13A1​Other vegetables​Cassava​Boiled​11
​13A1​Other vegetables​Cassava​Eath oven cooked​-11
​13A1​Other vegetables​Corn on cob​Boiled​-1
​13A1​Other vegetables​Corn, kernels​Boiled, Steamed​-4
​13A1​Other vegetables​Onion (cooked transparent), leek and garlic​Boiled, Baked, Pan Fried, Stewed​-13
​13A1​Other vegetables​Onion (cooked brown)​Pan Fried​-44
​13A1​Other vegetables​Other vegetables other than corn and mushrooms​Boiled, Steamed​-5
​13A1​Other vegetables​Mushrooms, fresh, frozen or canned​Boiled, Pan-fried, Grilled​-33
​13A1​Other vegetables​Mushrooms, dried, re-hydrated​Stewed, Grilled

​-16

​13A1​Other vegetables​Taro​Boiled​22
​13A1​Other vegetables​Taro​Earth oven cooked

​-17

13A2 Legumes and pulses

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13A2​Beans​Green beans and broad beans, fresh, frozen and canned​Boiled, Steamed, Microwaved, Heated​-7
​13A2​Beans​Mung bean sprout, horse gram sprouts and other sprouts​Pressure cooker stewed, Microwave stewed​37
​13A2​Mature legumes and pulses​Chickpea, common beans split peas, whole lentils etc. dried​Boiled, Microwaved stewed, Stewed​183
​13A2​Peas and edible-podded peas​Chickpea and other sprouts​Pressure cooked stewed, Microwaved stewed​16
​13A2​Peas and edible-podded peas​Peas and edible-podded peas, fresh, frozen and canned​Boiled, Steamed, Microwaved, Heated​-9
​13A2​Peas and edible-podded peas​Snowpeas​Stir fried​-20

13B1 Mixed dishes where vegetables is the major ingredient

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13B1​Vegetables and sauce​Frozen, ready to eat vegetarian meal​Heated on stove, Heated in microwave oven​0
​13B1​Vegetables and sauce​Frozen, ready to eat vegetarian meal​Heated in oven​-7
​13B1​Vegetables and sauce​Vegetables, canned, Pichelsteiner​Heated​-1
​13B1​Vegetables and sauce​Vegetable bake, casserole, chilli or curry​Baked, Stewed​-21
​13B1​Vegetables and sauce only, from meat-based stews and casseroles​Vegetables stew with beef, from raw ingredients​Boiled, Pressure cooked​-13
​13B1​Stuffed vegetables dishes​Stuffed vegetables and vegetables dishes, from raw ingredients​Baked​-21

13B2 Legume and pulses products and dishes

Food group ID Food group name Food description Preparation method Weight change factor
​13B2​Dishes where mature legumes are the major ingredient​Canned products​Boiled, Pressure cooked​-1
​13B2​Dishes where mature legumes are the major ingredients​Dishes including chilli con carne, bean stew, lentil stew with bacon, green peas stew etc.​Boiled, Pressure cooked, Fried, Baked, Grilled​-10
​13B2​Dishes where mature legumes are the major ingredient​Dried products​As per manufacturer's instructions, boiled​350
​13B2​Dishes where mature legumes are the major ingredient​Tofu​Pan-fried​-27

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