(Updated December 2007)
Note: The Food Safety Standards do not apply in New Zealand. The provisions of the food standards treaty between Australia and New Zealand do not include food hygiene standards.
What is this standard?
Standard 3.2.2 Food Safety Practices and General Requirementssets out specific food handling controls related to the receipt, storage, processing, display, packaging, transportation, disposal and recall of food. Other requirements relate to the skills and knowledge of food handlers and their supervisors, the health and hygiene of food handlers, and the cleaning, sanitising and maintenance of the food premises and equipment within the premises. If complied with, these requirements will ensure that food does not become unsafe or unsuitable.
Who must comply with this standard?
Food businesses must comply with this standard unless they fall under the definition of 'primary food production'. FSANZ is developing Primary Production and Processing standards separately. See the Primary Production under “The Code” for more information on developments.
Food handlers must also comply with the requirements that relate specifically to food handlers.
Standard 3.2.2Food Safety Practices and General Requirementsincludes some exemptions for charities and community groups and also for temporary food businesses and businesses operating from a private home.
Charities and community groups that sell low risk food (such as cakes and jams) or hot food that is sold as soon as it is cooked (such as sausages and steaks) need not comply with the requirement that food handlers have skills and knowledge that apply to the work they are doing. Temporary food businesses and businesses operating from a private home can ask their local enforcement authority for an exemption from some of the hand washing requirements.
What are the key provisions in this standard for food businesses?
Contact details and information on the nature of the business must be given to the local enforcement agency, unless this information is provided already under an existing food business registration system.
Food businesses must make sure that people who carry out or supervise the handling of food have appropriate skills and knowledge in food safety and food hygiene matters. Formal training is not necessarily required. Food handlers can also acquire skills and knowledge through, for example, ' in house' training, reading information provided by their employer, following specified operating procedures, or attending courses run by industry associations or a local council.
- Maintaining potentially hazardous food at correct temperatures
To limit the growth of food poisoning bacteria in food, businesses must minimise the amount of time that potentially hazardous food is at temperatures between 5° C and 60° C. Temperature controls also apply to the receipt, storage, processing, display and transport of potentially hazardous food.
- Cooking or another processing step to make food safe
Where food must be cooked or otherwise processed to make it safe, food businesses must carry out this step correctly. For example, minced meat and chickens must be cooked right through to the middle to kill food poisoning bacteria.
- Protecting food from contamination
Food must be protected from contamination. There are also specific requirements for the protection of ready-to-eat food that is on display. These include supervision of the display area, separate serving utensils for each food, and protective barriers.
Food that has been recalled or returned or that may not be safe or suitable must be labeled and kept separate from other food until a decision is made about what to do with the food, in accordance with the food disposal requirements.
Wholesale suppliers, manufacturers and importers of food must have a written recall system for the recall of unsafe food and must use this system when recalling unsafe food. In the event of a recall, you may find it useful to draw on the guidance in the Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ)Food Industry Recall Protocol. This is available on the FSANZ website ( www.foodstandards.gov.au ), or call FSANZ on +61 02 6271 2222.
- Health and hygiene requirements
Food businesses must:
- tell food handlers about their health and hygiene responsibilities;
- make sure that people who have or are carrying a disease that might be passed on through food do not contaminate food. Hepatitis A and illnesses caused by giardia, salmonella and campylobacter are examples of diseases that can be passed on through food;
- make sure that a food handler with infected skin lesions or discharges from his/her ears, nose or eyes does not contaminate food;
- provide adequate hand washing facilities and make sure that they are used only for washing hands, arms and faces; and
- make sure that people on the premises do not contaminate food.
- Cleaning, sanitising and maintenance
A food business must ensure:
- Food contact surfaces are cleaned and sanitised to keep microorganisms at safe levels. This applies to food serving equipment such as plates and cutlery, and to any equipment or surfaces that may come into contact with food.
- Food premises, fittings and equipment within the premises are clean and in a good state of repair and working order.
- Chipped, cracked or broken utensils are not used.
Food business handling potentially hazardous food must have a probe thermometer accurate to +/- 1° C so they can measure the temperature of food.
Premises must be kept free of animals and pests.
What are the key provisions in this standard, for food handlers?
- Food handlers must tell their supervisor if they may have contaminated food.
- Food handlers must tell their supervisor if they have, or are carrying a disease that might be transmitted through food. Hepatitis A and illnesses caused by giardia, salmonella and campylobacter are examples of diseases that can be passed on through food.
- Food handlers must tell their supervisor if they are suffering from diarrhoea, vomiting, a sore throat with fever, fever or jaundice unless they know their symptom or symptoms do not relate to a food-borne illness.
- Food handlers must tell their supervisor if they have any infected skin lesions or discharges from their ears, nose or eyes as these could contaminate food.
- Food handlers must do everything they can to make sure they do not contaminate food.
- Food handlers must wash their hands with soap and warm running water in the hand washing facilities provided and dry them thoroughly whenever there is any risk that they might contaminate food.
- Food handlers must not behave in ways that could cause food contamination. For example, they must not eat over unprotected food or smoke in food handling areas.
Fact Sheets for Standard 3.2.2 - Food Safety Practices and General Requirements:
These fact sheets provide general information as well as details about specific requirements within Standard 3.2.2.
Food handling skills and knowledge:[ html ].
Food business notification requirement:[ html ]
Health and hygiene: Responsibilities of food handlers: [ html ]
Health and hygiene: Responsibilities of food businesses:[ html ]
Receiving food safely:[ html ]
Food recall systems for unsafe foods: [ html ]
Thermometers and using them with potentially hazardous food:[ html ]
Temperature control requirements:[ html ]
Safe Food Australia - A Guide to the Food Safety Standards [ html ]
Food Safety: Guidance on skills and knowledge for food businesses(March 2002) [ pdf ]
Temperature control of potentially hazardous foods( April 2002) [ summary html | pdf ]
Need more information?
Copies of the standards, the guides to these and other food safety fact sheets and supporting material can be found on the FSANZ website www.foodstandards.gov.au .
Food businesses may also wish to seek advice directly from the Environmental Health Officers at their local council, or from their State or Territory health or health services department and Public Health Units.
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